Terroir of volubilis
Volubilis is the most impressive Roman site of Morocco .
Archaeological evidence points to the possibility of a Neolithic settlement at Volubilis, while tablets found show there was a 3rd century BC Phoenician settlement. In AD 24, it was the western capital of the Roman Kingdom of Mauritania, and, from AD 45 to 185, the capital of the Roman Province of Mauretania Tingitania. Under the Romans, Volubilis dominated a agriculturally rich region, with significant olive oil production.
However, Volubilis was at the South-East extremity of the Province and connected to Rome only through Atlantic ports. Hence, its weak position required extensive city walls.
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